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For the car with at least four wheels and no more than nine seats for transporting people, see Automobile for tourism .

Sequence with various car models

Model Benz “Vela” ( 1894 ) by the German inventor Carl Benz – entered a car race already as a motor vehicle.

Vehicles in use for each country from 2001 to 2007 . This shows the significant growth of the Cribs .

The term automobile (from the Greek αὐτο “self”, and from the Latin mobilizes “moving”) is used par excellence to refer to passenger cars . 1 In a more generic definition, it refers to a self-propelled vehicle intended for the transport of people or goods without the need for lanes. 1 There are different types of cars such as trucks , buses , two trucks , three motorcycles , four wheeler or quads .

Index

History

Main article: History of the automobile

The first car with internal combustion engine is attributed to Karl Fried rich Benz in the city of Mannheim in 1886 with the Benz Patent-Motorway model . 5 Soon after, other pioneers such as Goteborg Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach presented their models. The first long trip in a car was carried out by Bertha Benz in 1888, going from Mannheim to Florsheim , cities separated from each other by about 105 km. 6 It is worth noting that it was a milestone in the old car industry, given that a car of this time had a maximum speed of 20  km / h, spent a lot more fuel than a vehicle at that same speed now spends and gasoline was bought in pharmacies , where it was not available in large quantities.

On October 8, 1908, Henry Ford began producing cars on an assembly line with the Ford Model T, which allowed him to reach previously unthinkable manufacturing figures. Ford took advantage of the thrust of the Industrial Revolution and began to manufacture the Model T , in series, this was something never seen before since all the cars were manufactured by hand, with a traditional process that required a lot of time. The Ford assembly line allowed him to manufacture the Model T for almost twenty years, in which he produced fifteen million copies.History

Main article: History of the automobile

The first car with internal combustion engine is attributed to Karl Fried rich Benz in the city of Mannheim in 1886 with the Benz Patent-Motorway model . 5 Soon after, other pioneers such as Goteborg Daimler and Wilhelm Payback presented their models. The first long trip in a car was carried out by Bertha Benz in 1888, going from Mannheim to Florsheim , cities separated from each other by about 105 km. 6 It is worth noting that it was a milestone in the old car industry, given that a car of this time had a maximum speed of 20  km / h, spent a lot more fuel than a vehicle at that same speed now spends and gasoline was bought in pharmacies , where it was not available in large quantities. [ citation needed ]

On October 8, 1908, Henry Ford began producing cars on an assembly line with the Ford Model T, which allowed him to reach previously unthinkable manufacturing figures. Ford took advantage of the thrust of the Industrial Revolution and began to manufacture the Model T , in series, this was something never seen before since all the cars were manufactured by hand, with a traditional process that required a lot of time. The Ford assembly line allowed him to manufacture the Model T for almost twenty years, in which he produced fifteen million copies.

Mass order in motor vehicles

Tare : mass of the vehicle with its complete complement of water, fuel , lubricant , spare parts and accessories , without passengers or cargo.

Mass in running order : tare + 75 kg driver (for buses and coaches + 75 kg passenger).

Load mass: effective mass of the vehicle.

Maximum authorized mass : MMA, the maximum mass allowed for the vehicle on public roads.

Technically permissible maximum mass: The maximum mass for the use of the vehicle based on its construction according to the manufacturer’s specifications.

Maximum authorized tow able mass: maximum authorized mass on public roads for a trailer or semi-trailer.

Mass per axis : the one that gravitates on the ground transmitted by the totality of the wheels coupled to an axis in each of the previously described cases.

Classification of motor vehicles

Maserati Adventurism

According to Regulation of Homogenization nº 13

L : Vehicles with less than 4 wheels:

L 1 : Displacement less than 50 cc and whose speed is less than 50 km / h with two wheels

L 2 : Displacement less than 50 cc and whose speed is less than 50 km / h with three wheels

L 3 : Cylinder greater than 50 cc and whose speed is greater than 50 km / h with two wheels

L 4 : Cylindrical greater than 50 cc and whose speed is higher than 50 km / h with three asymmetric wheels

L 5 : Maximum authorized mass (MMA) less than 1000  kg and displacement greater than 50  km / h with three asymmetric wheels

M : Vehicles used to transport people:

M : Vehicles with 4 or 3 wheels whose MMA is less than 1000 kg

M 1 : Vehicles with a capacity equal to or less than 9 seats

M 2 : Vehicles with a capacity greater than 9 seats and an MMA of less than 5000 kg

M 3 : Vehicles with a capacity greater than 9 seats and an MMA greater than 5000 kg